I recently was given an Marshall Master Lead Combo 5010 to fix (Fig. 1 below). When I tested it, it had output, but it was intermittent and there were occasional dropouts and static pops. Turning the Preamp control caused a lot of crackle and garbling of the signal. There was crackle with all the other controls as well, but not as bad.
|Fig. 1. Marshall Master Lead Combo 5010 Solid State|
I removed the chassis and thoroughly cleaned all the pots. I plugged in a guitar and it sounded fine, even when I turned all of the controls. No static. So I played for a few moments more and thought I heard a pop. I stopped and waited, but didn't hear it again. I played again, and after five or ten seconds, heard another pop.
I did the chopstick test, poking all of the components (of which there are not many—see Fig. 2). The corner of the board near the two big caps was pretty loose, and when I poked it, I heard loud crackling. I poked at the caps and one of them was markedly looser than the other. I looked at the solder joints with an inspection mirror while I wobbled it, and sure enough, I could see the wire and solder moving freely back and forth as I did so (Fig. 3)
|Fig. 2. The simple layout of the board was refreshing when troubleshooting.|
|Figure 3. A very loose and sloppy solder joint|
Apparently, when I played, the vibration was causing that bad joint to wiggle enough to cause the pops.
When I removed the board, it was immediately apparent that previous repairs and other sundry misfortunes had been visited upon this poor amp (Fig. 4). It all seemed to work except for the joint in question, so I ignored the other stuff, resoldered the bad joint, plugged in the guitar and played for a bit. None of the problems were evident, so that did the trick.
|Fig 4. Some of the copper traces had previously been scraped and exposed for reasons unknown.|
After cleaning the pots, if I had just done the cable-only test or noodled on the guitar for a moment, I would have assumed that the problem was fixed. The bad solder joint might not have had the opportunity to cause a problem, and I would have called it good and returned it as supposedly working. Playing it normally for a little while saved me that embarrassment.
When I fix an amp, I always play it just for fun for five to ten minutes. Often, it's likely the only opportunity I will have to try a particular amp. It's usually an amp I haven't played before and it's almost certainly one I will never own, so it's a nice chance to try a new amp in the comfort of my own home. But more importantly, this indulgence also serves the purpose of making sure I'm not too hasty in calling it fixed.